Special shelters enable Army medical personnel to care for patients in a clean, toxic-free, "shirt-sleeve" environment even when operating in areas contaminated by chemical and/or biological agents. There are two types of system.
Chemical-Biological Protective Shelter (CBPS)
Highly mobile, chemically and biologically protected, environmentally controlled work area for forward deployed medical treatment units. The CBPS allows the unit to continue patient care when the unit comes under chemical or biological attack.
- CBPS consists of a dedicated M1113 Humvee vehicle; a lightweight multipurpose shelter, a 300-square-foot semi-cylindrical airbeam-supported soft shelter, stored and mounted on the back of the Humvee for transporting; and a towed high-mobility trailer with 10-kilowatt tactical quiet generator for auxiliary power. Unit Soldiers can configure multiple systems to provide a single chem-bio protected area.
- A single CBPS system can be inflated in four minutes and fully operational in less than 20 minutes. All power is provided by the Humvee engine or from the auxiliary generator. A hydraulically powered environmental support system on the front of the shelter provides heating, cooling, airbeam inflation, chemical-biological filtration and ventilation air. Multiple systems can be complexed.
- CBPS is now being fielded to line-battalion treatment squads (aid stations), division/corps medical companies and forward surgical teams, including some units supporting Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Chemically Protected Deployable Medical Systems (CP DEPMEDS)
Provides environmentally controlled collective protection for
the core components of combat support hospitals using DEPMEDS
(Deployable Medical System) equipment.
- A joint Army-Air Force program with U.S. Army Soldier and Biological
Chemical Command at Natick, Mass., as the lead material developer
for the Army.
- Each hospital consists of TEMPER tents, ISO shelters and connecting
passageways. CP DEPMEDS is an integration effort to bring together
the necessary components. Collective protection is provided by
a chemical-biological protective liner system; nuclear-chemical-biological
filters; an overpressurization system; low-pressure alarms; chemically
hardened, field deployable environmental control units; airlocks
for personnel, patients and resupply; CB-protected water distribution;
and CB-protected latrines.
- CP DEPMEDS sets are being placed in Army prepositioned stocks
for fielding to units deploying to high-threat areas. The Army
is currently fielding CP DEPMEDS in support of Operation Iraqi